The postmodern condition (Postmodernism)

def. Simulation

  • btw. illusion problem!= simulation problem
  • There is no way out of the simulation
  • postmodern age: no longer a distinction between illusion and reality ⇒ this situation is a simulation
  • “stranded in a world without referents”
  • The desert of the real (everything scary about postmodernism!)
  • “tribute to individuals which is property and function of the simulation”
  • “the analyst of simulation, therefore, is subject to the very rule he or she analyzes”
  • Simulation attempts to


def. Referent

  • a signpost into reality

def. Simulacra

def. Hyperreality. See Living in Hyper-Reality