Q. Coupon Exchange Problem. Josh and Andrew have identical utility functions where is milkshakes and is toys.

  • Their incomes are the same
  • Josh has a 50% off coupon for .
  • ⇒ Can Josh and Andrew work out a trade where Andrew buys the coupon? Figure out
  • Least Josh would take for the coupon using the expenditure function
  • Most Andrew would pay for the coupon (also using the expenditure function)
  • ⇒ Trade occurs when (least Josh would sell for) < (most Andrew would pay for)


CV and EV - YouTube Oh no! the price of good increased!

  • 🥺 She’s now at a lower Indifference Curve. How much should we give as compensation to get her back on the original indifference curve? ⇒ Compensating Variation
  • 😈 She’s at a lower indifference curve now. What if instead of having the price of good increase, we just take money away from her directly? ⇒ Equivalent Variation

def. Compensating Variation (CV). When a price of a good changes, the Compensating variation is the change in expenditure () required to maintain the utility.

def. Equivalent Variation (EV). An individual may trade a change in income () for a change in prices.

Compensating Variation (CV) is how much money an individual would have to get (or have taken away) to be indifferent to the change in prices